dcsimg
  • Driver Licensing for Undocumented Immigrants


  • The granting of driver’s licenses and driving privileges to undocumented immigrants has been a focal point in statehouses as comprehensive federal immigration legislation has not been fully considered. The “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” (DACA) program for qualified individuals, authorized through executive order on June 15, 2012 has further complicated the issue of legal presence. A majority of states determined DACA grantees were eligible for driver’s licenses.

    In an effort to assist our membership in understanding differing state approaches, AAMVA compiled resources regarding the issuance of driver’s licenses to the undocumented immigrant population.

    Jurisdictions Issuing Driving Privileges Cards to Undocumented Immigrants

    Jurisdiction
    California
    Colorado
    Connecticut
    Delaware
    District of Columbia
    Hawaii
    Illinois
    Maryland
    Nevada
    New Mexico 
    Utah
    Vermont 
    Washington 

    Jurisdictions with Adopted Legislation Granting Driving Privileges to Undocumented Immigrants
    (Sorted by Issuance Date)

    Jurisdiction Issuance Date Adopted Legislation
    Utah
    March 8, 2005
    2005 S.B. 257
    Illinois November 2013 2011 S.B. 957
    Maryland January 1, 2014 2013 S.B. 715
    Oregon* January 1, 2014 2013 S.B. 833
    Vermont January 1, 2014 2013 S.B. 38
    Nevada January 2, 2014 2013 S.B. 303
    District of Columbia May 1, 2014 2013 B20-275
    Colorado August 1, 2014 2013 S.B. 251
    California January 1, 2015 2013 A.B. 60
    Connecticut January 1, 2015 2013 H.B. 6495, Amend. LCO 765
    Delaware December 27, 2015 2015 S.B. 59
    Hawaii
    January 1, 2016
    2015 H.B. 1007
    New Mexico**No later than six months after March 8, 20162016 H.B. 99

    *While legislation was adopted to grant driving privileges to undocumented immigrants, Oregon state voters rejected referendum Measure 88 on November 4, 2014, striking down the legislation.
    **2016 H.B. 99 creates a REAL-ID compliant driver's license and a separate driving authorization card for applicants who cannot prove legal presence. New Mexico did not have legal presence requirements prior to this bill. All applicants can obtain a regular driver's license until the REAL-ID compliant driver's license is issued no later than six months after the bill was signed into law.

    Jurisdictions without Current Legal Presence Requirements for Driving Privileges

    Jurisdiction
    Washington